Wych Elm

£10.00 ex.VAT

Ulmus glabra

Family: Ulmaceae

Origin: native

Wych Elm can grow to a height of 30m.

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Ulmus glabra

Wych Elm can grow to a height of 30m. The bark is smooth and grey when young, becoming grey-brown and fissured after 20 years. Elms can be recognised by their asymmetrical, oval leaves that are toothed around the edges and have very short stalks; they also produce winged fruit. Wych Elm has longer leaves than other elms, with a narrow tip.

Due to the devastating effects of Dutch elm disease in the 20th century, Wych elm is rarely found as large tree, but is more common as a shrub along hedgerows and streams, and in upland areas.

After being pollinated by wind, flowers develop into small, winged fruits known as samaras. The seed is located at the centre of the wing and are dispersed by wind.

The name ‘Wych’ does not refer to a link to witches or magic, but actually means ‘pliant’ or ‘supple’ in old English, relating to the Wych elm’s properties as a wood for making Welsh bows.

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